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Asian dating service near Derry Ireland

The playwright and poet Oscar Wilde , noted for his epigrams, was born in Ireland. Although not a Nobel Prize winner, James Joyce is widely considered to be one of the most significant writers of the 20th century. Joyce's novel Ulysses is considered one of the most important works of Modernist literature and his life is celebrated annually on 16 June in Dublin as " Bloomsday ".

Music has been in evidence in Ireland since prehistoric times. Outside religious establishments, musical genres in early Gaelic Ireland are referred to as a triad of weeping music goltraige , laughing music geantraige and sleeping music suantraige. Classical music following European models first developed in urban areas, in establishments of Anglo-Irish rule such as Dublin Castle , St Patrick's Cathedral and Christ Church as well as the country houses of the Anglo-Irish ascendancy, with the first performance of Handel 's Messiah being among the highlights of the baroque era.

In the 19th century, public concerts provided access to classical music to all classes of society. Yet, for political and financial reasons Ireland has been too small to provide a living to many musicians, so the names of the better-known Irish composers of this time belong to emigrants. Irish traditional music and dance has seen a surge in popularity and global coverage since the s.

In the middle years of the 20th century, as Irish society was modernising, traditional music had fallen out of favour, especially in urban areas. Groups and musicians including Horslips , Van Morrison and Thin Lizzy incorporated elements of Irish traditional music into contemporary rock music and, during the s and s, the distinction between traditional and rock musicians became blurred, with many individuals regularly crossing over between these styles of playing. The earliest known Irish graphic art and sculpture are Neolithic carvings found at sites such as Newgrange [] and is traced through Bronze Age artefacts and the religious carvings and illuminated manuscripts of the medieval period.

During the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, a strong tradition of painting emerged, including such figures as John Butler Yeats , William Orpen , Jack Yeats and Louis le Brocquy. The Irish philosopher and theologian Johannes Scotus Eriugena was considered one of the leading intellectuals of the early Middle Ages. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton , an Irish explorer, was one of the principal figures of Antarctic exploration. He, along with his expedition, made the first ascent of Mount Erebus and the discovery of the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole.

Robert Boyle was a 17th-century natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor and early gentleman scientist. He is largely regarded as one of the founders of modern chemistry and is best known for the formulation of Boyle's law. Father Nicholas Joseph Callan , Professor of Natural Philosophy in Maynooth College , is best known for his invention of the induction coil , transformer and he discovered an early method of galvanisation in the 19th century.

With Sir John Douglas Cockcroft , he was the first to split the nucleus of the atom by artificial means and made contributions to the development of a new theory of wave equation. Sir Joseph Larmor , a physicist and mathematician, made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics and the electron theory of matter.

His most influential work was Aether and Matter, a book on theoretical physics published in George Johnstone Stoney introduced the term electron in John Stewart Bell was the originator of Bell's Theorem and a paper concerning the discovery of the Bell-Jackiw-Adler anomaly and was nominated for a Nobel prize.

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Notable mathematicians include Sir William Rowan Hamilton , famous for work in classical mechanics and the invention of quaternions. Francis Ysidro Edgeworth 's contribution of the Edgeworth Box remains influential in neo-classical microeconomic theory to this day; while Richard Cantillon inspired Adam Smith , among others. John B. Cosgrave was a specialist in number theory and discovered a digit prime number in and a record composite Fermat number in John Lighton Synge made progress in different fields of science, including mechanics and geometrical methods in general relativity.

He had mathematician John Nash as one of his students.

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Kathleen Lonsdale , born in Ireland and most known for her work with crystallography , became the first female president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Ireland has nine universities, seven in the Republic of Ireland and two in Northern Ireland, including Trinity College, Dublin and the University College Dublin , as well as numerous third-level colleges and institutes and a branch of the Open University, the Open University in Ireland.

Gaelic football is the most popular sport in Ireland in terms of match attendance and community involvement, with about 2, clubs on the island. The island fields a single international team in most sports. One notable exception to this is association football, although both associations continued to field international teams under the name "Ireland" until the s. The sport is also the most notable exception where the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland field separate international teams. Northern Ireland has produced two World Snooker Champions. Gaelic football , hurling and handball are the best-known of the Irish traditional sports, collectively known as Gaelic games.

Gaelic games are governed by the Gaelic Athletic Association GAA , with the exception of ladies' Gaelic football and camogie women's variant of hurling , which are governed by separate organisations. During the redevelopment of the Lansdowne Road stadium in —, international rugby and soccer were played there. The game has been played in an organised fashion in Ireland since the s, with Cliftonville F. It was most popular, especially in its first decades, around Belfast and in Ulster.

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However, some clubs based outside Belfast thought that the IFA largely favoured Ulster-based clubs in such matters as selection for the national team. However, both the IFA and FAI continued to select their teams from the whole of Ireland, with some players earning international caps for matches with both teams. Both also referred to their respective teams as Ireland. In , FIFA directed the associations only to select players from within their respective territories and, in , directed that the FAI's team be known only as " Republic of Ireland " and that the IFA's team be known as " Northern Ireland " with certain exceptions.

Northern Ireland qualified for the World Cup finals in reaching the quarter-finals , and and the European Championship in The Republic qualified for the World Cup finals in reaching the quarter-finals , , and the European Championship in , and Across Ireland, there is significant interest in the English and, to a lesser extent, Scottish soccer leagues. Ireland fields a single national rugby team and a single association, the Irish Rugby Football Union , governs the sport across the island. The Irish rugby team have played in every Rugby World Cup , making the quarter-finals in six of them.

Ireland also hosted games during the and the Rugby World Cups including a quarter-final. There are four professional Irish teams; all four play in the Pro14 and at least three compete for the Heineken Cup. Irish rugby has become increasingly competitive at both the international and provincial levels since the sport went professional in During that time, Ulster , [] Munster [] and [] and Leinster , and [] have won the Heineken Cup. In addition to this, the Irish International side has had increased success in the Six Nations Championship against the other European elite sides. This success, including Triple Crowns in , and , culminated with a clean sweep of victories, known as a Grand Slam , in and Horse racing and greyhound racing are both popular in Ireland.

There are frequent horse race meetings and greyhound stadiums are well-attended. The island is noted for the breeding and training of race horses and is also a large exporter of racing dogs. Irish athletics has seen a heightened success rate since the year , with Sonia O'Sullivan winning two medals at 5, metres on the track; gold at the World Championships and silver at the Sydney Olympics.

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Olive Loughnane won a silver medal in the 20k walk in the World Athletics Championships in Berlin in Ireland has won more medals in boxing than in any other Olympic sport. Boxing is governed by the Irish Athletic Boxing Association. In Kenneth Egan won a silver medal in the Beijing Games.

Katie Taylor has won gold in every European and World championship since Golf is very popular, and golf tourism is a major industry attracting more than , golfing visitors annually. Three golfers from Northern Ireland have been particularly successful. Open , and the first European to win that tournament since Rory McIlroy , at the age of 22, won the U. The west coast of Ireland, Lahinch and Donegal Bay in particular, have popular surfing beaches, being fully exposed to the Atlantic Ocean. Since just before the year , Bundoran has hosted European championship surfing.

Scuba diving is increasingly popular in Ireland with clear waters and large populations of sea life, particularly along the western seaboard.


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There are also many shipwrecks along the coast of Ireland, with some of the best wreck dives being in Malin Head and off the County Cork coast. The temperate Irish climate is suited to sport angling. While salmon and trout fishing remain popular with anglers, salmon fishing in particular received a boost in with the closing of the salmon driftnet fishery. Coarse fishing continues to increase its profile.

Sea angling is developed with many beaches mapped and signposted, [] and the range of sea angling species is around Food and cuisine in Ireland takes its influence from the crops grown and animals farmed in the island's temperate climate and from the social and political circumstances of Irish history. For example, whilst from the Middle Ages until the arrival of the potato in the 16th century the dominant feature of the Irish economy was the herding of cattle, the number of cattle a person owned was equated to their social standing.

For this reason, pork and white meat were more common than beef, and thick fatty strips of salted bacon known as rashers and the eating of salted butter i.

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All of these influences can be seen today in the phenomenon of the " breakfast roll ". The introduction of the potato in the second half of the 16th century heavily influenced cuisine thereafter. Great poverty encouraged a subsistence approach to food, and by the midth century the vast majority of the population sufficed with a diet of potatoes and milk.

Since the last quarter of the 20th century, with a re-emergence of wealth in Ireland, a "New Irish Cuisine" based on traditional ingredients incorporating international influences [] has emerged. An example of this new cuisine is "Dublin Lawyer": lobster cooked in whiskey and cream. Traditional regional foods can be found throughout the country, for example coddle in Dublin or drisheen in Cork, both a type of sausage, or blaa , a doughy white bread particular to Waterford.

Irish whiskey , as researched in by the CNBC American broadcaster, remains popular domestically and has grown in international sales steadily over a few decades. Stout , a kind of porter beer , particularly Guinness , is typically associated with Ireland, although historically it was more closely associated with London. Porter remains very popular, although it has lost sales since the midth century to lager. Cider , particularly Magners marketed in the Republic of Ireland as Bulmers , is also a popular drink.

Red lemonade , a soft-drink, is consumed on its own and as a mixer, particularly with whiskey. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the island in Europe. For the sovereign state of the same name, see Republic of Ireland. For the part of the United Kingdom, see Northern Ireland. For other uses, see Ireland disambiguation. United Kingdom. Part of a series on the. Prehistory Protohistory — — — — — — Timeline of Irish history. Peoples and polities. Main article: History of Ireland.

Main article: Prehistoric Ireland. Main article: History of Ireland — See also: Bruce campaign in Ireland. Main article: Kingdom of Ireland. Main article: Partition of Ireland. Main article: Politics of Ireland. See also: International Financial Services Centre.