Since the 16th-century Plantation of Munster it has been the place of worship of the Church of Ireland congregation of Youghal and its surrounding areas. The Sack of Youghal took place on 13 November As the centre of English power in south Munster the town was badly damaged during the Second Desmond Rebellion when it was sacked by the forces of Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond , who massacred the garrison, hanged the English officials and looted the townspeople's homes.
He was fastened round the waist with a rope and thrown with weights tied to his feet from one of the town-gates at Youghal, finally fastened to a mill-wheel and torn to pieces. The first record of the walls is a charter of , granted by King Edward I , for their repair and extension.
The military hanged suspects from a pole lashed from the lower windows to the corner of the first house on South Main Street now Luigi's. Thomas Gallagher was one of those hanged for trying to seduce a soldier from allegiance to his regiment. Numerous forms of torture were conducted therein including thumb screws , pitch-cap , rack and flogging. Tynte's Castle — a late 15th-century urban tower house. It is almost the only fortified relic of the era now in Youghal. It was built by the Walsh family in and leased by the corporation to the Tynte family towards the end of the reign of King James I.
It is shown in a map of Youghal dated as one of the defences of the town. The building was passed down through the Tynte family and is now the property of the McCarthy family. Alms Houses — the 17th-century almshouses were constructed by Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork in for widows.
Each tenant received two shillings a week, enough to sustain her. Around the same time , Sir Richard Boyle built a hospital and a free school. When a poll tax of two shillings was introduced in , those living by alms were exempt. Boyle's tomb is in St Mary's Collegiate Church.
Town Hall — A new Tholsel was erected in by the corporation, in lieu of that taken down in It was situated outside the town walls beside the Water Gate. The town's Water Gate was built in the 13th century to provide access through the town walls to the docks. Also known as Cromwell's Arch, it was from here that Oliver Cromwell left Ireland in , having overwintered in the town after his campaign in Ireland.
A military band played there on summer evenings and a play was held every Thursday evening in a little theatre therein. Respectable inhabitants met on the Mall for social interaction every evening after the engagements of the day. The town was frequented by the gentry of counties Cork , Waterford , Limerick and Tipperary.
Youghal, in addition to its own yeomanry, was garrisoned by a regiment of German troops and the Wexford militia in Precautions were taken for the safety of the town causing for hilly areas to be scrapped and made impassable. Gates were erected at both ends of the town and the town hall was converted into occasional prisons and guard rooms. The outlying gentry for the most part came into the town as a place of safety. Youghal was the first town in Ireland or Britain to have a Jewish mayor when William Annyas was elected to that position in ; and the town's small but significant Huguenot settlement provided a number of mayors such as Richard Paradise , Edward Gillett and Joseph Labatte It was an affiliated branch of the wealthy Benedictine Priory of St.
John of Waterford. The main building appears to have been intended to combine a fortress with a religious retreat. Oliver Cromwell fixed his residence at the Priory of St. John's on the main street in winter For the following two years he was mayor of the town. He lived at Myrtle Grove, where he entertained the poet Edmund Spenser. Raleigh made his final trip from Cork to the West Indies in The Red House — This early 18th-century brick townhouse was built for the Uniacke family, a merchant family in Youghal, and was completed in Youghal Lighthouse — In , the Geraldine proprietors of the town built a lighthouse on the cliff at the west side of the mouth's harbour.
The original tower was seven-and-a half metres tall and three metres in diameter. They also endowed a nunnery called the Chapel of St. Annes under the condition that the nuns should see that the light was regularly maintained. The nuns did so until the reformation in the s, when the lighthouse and the convent were confiscated. The beacon was discontinued in about The current lighthouse, made from granite imported from Scotland, was designed by George Halpin and work began on its construction in It was not until February that the harbour light was first displayed.
This changed the flow of the River Blackwater moving its mouth from Whiting Bay and forming the harbour of Youghal. Youghal was incorporated in by King John and the town was colonised with men-at-arms, traffickers and other adventurers from Bristol. By Youghal had gained such importance as a commercial port that it merited a 'road highway'. In several Flemish merchants were recorded as trading to Youghal.
Large quantities of silver coinage of the Youghal region from the 14th century have been found indicating the high levels of traffic in the region. But three boats were required from Youghal, further indicating its size and importance. In , the freeman of Youghal were allowed freedom in trade in different staples throughout England and Wales for wool, leather, woolfels and lead. In Writs signed by Almaricus de St Aland, Justiciary of Ireland, were directed to Sovereign and Bailiffs of Youghal, ordering them to prevent persons from going to foreign parts.
In the same King granted the Mayor of Youghal privileges for services against rebels in Cork. In the same year the merchants and commons of Youghal complained to Edward about the dangers of having to go to Cork to pay customs, and succeeded in arranging a new customs system for paying in Youghal.
The Dublin Parliament passed an Act concerning the imports, customs and mines in which made Youghal one of the privileged ports. Discharge at any other location, unless occasioned by stress of weather, meant forfeiting half to Queen Elizabeth I and half to the seizer. In early Youghal was elevated to the rank of 'staple town', receiving the exclusive rights to carry on the wool trade with Bristol , Liverpool, Chester and Milford. During the 17th century Youghal was one of Ireland's main ports, far more important than Cork Harbour which was described as 'a port near Youghal.
In pirates of all nations swarmed the seas entering Youghal on several occasions. The most notorious of them was Nutt, who had three ships under his command. By tobacco, originally introduced by Raleigh, had so fixed itself on the habits of the people, that it now formed one of the staples of trade at Youghal port. After resting for the winter in Youghal, Cromwell and his army crossed the Blackwater at Mallow and went on to yield Kilkenny and Clonmel before returning to Youghal and later England where Charles II had arrived.
In by order of King James II colonisers with a "zealous attachment to the Protestant religion" were rounded up and detained in castles in Youghal where they were held for 12 months before being released to flee back to England. In , having made an ingenious sundial, a schoolmaster was admitted as a freeman of Youghal. When Protestants of France were compelled to leave their own country by Louis XIV in many came to Ireland and settled in Youghal, bringing industry, intelligence and wealth. By Youghal council began inserting covenants into leases of ground skirted by the waterside, binding the leases to build quays.
Gradually great enclosures from the sea were made which doubled the area of the town. In the Irish were permitted to trade in the town as scarcity and famine swept the country. There were riots in Youghal as people sought to prevent the export of corn to England and Northern Ireland.
Great sickness and mortality continued through In and the town walls were extensively repaired and in the Sally-port was remade. Trade in Youghal varied greatly. In no corn, meal salt or flour was imported into Youghal from March to November of that year. In exports were 65 quarters of beans. Exports in were quarters of Barley, 45 barrels of Oatmeal and imports were 6 barrels of beer. In exports were quarters of Oats, 20 barrels of Oatmeal and imports were Works had commenced at this time on improving navigation of the Blackwater and a petition had been sent to Parliament to open roads from Lismore, Cappoquin and Clogheen to Youghal.
In a French privateer took six ships near the harbour. The commander landed 24 passengers on the Island of Ballycotton and took the remainder with him as recruits for Colonel Owen's regiment. The cutter Expedition was sent in pursuit but did not come up with them. By wool combining business was carried on with great spirit in Youghal, where the Annals [ citation needed ] tell us "great fortunes were realised".
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Exports from Youghal were extensive in , with more oats being exported than from any other port in Ireland. Nealson's Quay was built and commenced the following year. Rubbish removal. Wheelie bins.
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