About three-fourths of the area is farmland, the rest peat bog. To the east of Boyle the rich limestone grasslands, known as the Plains of Boyle, are famed as cattle pastures. Farms are small, with a concentration on cattle. To the northeast of Roscommon town, the Slieve Bawn ridge rises to feet metres. The area is greatly dependent on agriculture, though there is some light industry. By the Composition of Connaught a large number of lords and chieftains of the province were given tenure in their territories under English law.
Because Connaught and Clare were left by Oliver Cromwell to Irish proprietors after the English conquest in the 17th century, this part of Ireland retained its Irish social pattern longer than any other, though it was affected by the penal laws, the land acts, and other social changes that were imposed upon Ireland generally. Area square miles 2, square km.
Roscommon Article Media Additional Info. Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. In it was revealed that statistically, Roscommon has the longest life expectancy of any county on the island of Ireland. Key attractions: Lough Key in north Roscommon has 32 islands — coincidentally, the number of counties on the island of Ireland.
Nearby is Lough Key Forest Park. Boyle, a city at the foot of the Curlew Mountains, is known for its history and culture. There you will find Boyle Abbey, which was founded in the 12th-century, and, each summer, the Boyle Arts Festival. Tulsk is the nearest village to the mythological and archaeological site of Rathcroghan, home of Queen Maebh. Strokestown Park House and Famine Museum is an award-winning museum dedicated to telling the story of the great Irish Famine.
Roscommon Castle is a 13th-century Norman castle near Roscommon town. After being won and lost by siege multiple times over the course of four centuries, it was burned down one final time in It is a ruin today, but still stands.
The castle is next door to Loughnaneane Park, a wildlife gem. To see more stunning photos of County Roscommon, click here. Related: Irish Counties. Two years later the interior was remodeled and large mullioned windows were inserted in the towers and curtain walls.
County Roscommon - Wikipedia
Again, in the Parliamentarian faction gained it until Confederate Catholics under Preston captured it in It remained in Irish hands until when it was partially blown up by Cromwellian "Ironsides" under Commissary Reynolds, who had all the fortifications dismantled. It was finally burned down in , and, from the closing years of the 17th-century, it gradually fell into decay. A symmetrical moat some distance from the curtain walls surrounded the entire castle and safeguarded it. It is now a national monument.
Harrison Hall is located prominently in the market square and is now occupied by the Bank of Ireland. Most of the ground floor is open to the public. Once a 17th-century sessions house, it was remodeled in by Sir William Morrison and converted into a court house and market house. It is built in the classical architectural style with a cupola. It became a catholic church in The original building is thought to have been designed by Richard Cassells in In it was taken over for use as a lunatic asylum.
Sometime after the building was converted to residential and commercial use. It was originally a small Presbyterian church built in The building was renovated in and now contains many exhibits and artifacts illustrating and interpreting the history of Roscommon.
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Among the artifacts on display are a 9th-century grave slab from St Comans Abbey and a Sheela na Gig from Rahara church. Roscommon Abbey is on the outskirts of the core of the town, and is reachable by a path at the back of the Abbey Hotel running alongside the Abbey boy's school.
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The effigy in a niche on the north side of the chancel is either that of himself but carved 35 years or more after his death , or of one of his successors; dating from around , it shows a king dressed in a long robe and mantle of a kind that suggests he may have been aping an English regal costume of the period, an idea supported by the fact that he carries a sceptre with fleur-de-lis head in his right hand.
The tomb front supporting his effigy slab but not originally belonging to it bears eight niches containing fifteenth-century carved figures of gallowglasses , mercenaries of Scottish origin who played a major role in Irish wars of the Later Middle Ages.
These have their bodies protected by a coat of mail and each wears a helmet known as a bascinet. All are armed with a sword, except one who bears an axe-like sparth, a typical gallowglass weapon. During the course of its existence, it experienced many misfortunate events, starting with a fire in , a lightning-strike in , and having Lord Audley take large sums of money deposited in it by the poor people of the town for the use of his army against a king of Connacht.